Document Detail

Cerebral and systemic infarcts after bronchial artery embolization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22000313     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Bronchial artery embolization with microspheres constitutes an effective, safe procedure for controlling hemoptysis. A 17-year-old girl with cystic fibrosis developed hemoptysis and underwent bilateral bronchial artery embolization with 300-500 μm and 500-700 μm microsphere particles. Afterward, she was delirious and complained of headache. On initial examination, she manifested altered mental status and diffuse hyperreflexia. Her left fifth digit was painful and cyanotic. Neuroimaging demonstrated multiple embolic infarcts in the cerebellum, thalamus, and cerebral hemispheres. An echocardiogram produced normal results. An evaluation of her thrombophilia revealed heterozygosity for a prothrombin 20210A mutation. Her functional neurologic recovery was complete. To our knowledge, this is the first pediatric case of cerebral and systemic embolism after bronchial artery embolization. Although this complication is not predictable, it should be suspected in patients with underlying chronic lung disease who develop acute neurologic signs after bronchial artery embolization, because these patients are prone to anomalous arterial-arterial shunt formation.
Elia M Pestana Knight; Paula M Novelli; Sucheta M Joshi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric neurology     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1873-5150     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Neurol.     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508183     Medline TA:  Pediatr Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  324-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Pediatric Epilepsy, Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University and Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio.
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