Document Detail

Cerebral oxygenation in major pediatric trauma: its relevance to trauma severity and outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16516625     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is the commonest cause of death in the pediatric population, which is prone to diffuse primary brain injury aggravated by secondary insults (eg, hypoxia, hypotension). Standard monitoring involves intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure, which do not reflect true cerebral oxygenation (oxygen delivery [Do(2)]). We explore the merits of a brain tissue oxygen-directed critical care guide. METHODS: Sixteen patients with major trauma (Injury Severity Score, >16/Pediatric Trauma Score [PTS], <7) had partial pressure of brain tissue oxygen (Pbto(2)) monitor (Licox; Integra Neurosciences, Plainsboro, NJ) placed under local anesthesia using twist-drill craniostomy and definitive management of associated injuries. Pbto(2) levels directed therapy intensity level (ventilator management, inotrops, blood transfusion, and others). Patient demographics, short-term physiological parameters, Pbto(2), ICP, Glasgow Coma Score, trauma scores, and outcomes were analyzed to identify the patients at risk for low Do(2). RESULTS: There were 10 males and 6 females (mean age, 14 years) sustaining motor vehicle accident (14), falls (1), and assault (1), with a mean Injury Severity Score of 36 (16-59); PTS, 3 (0-7); and Revised Trauma Score, 5.5 (4-11). Eleven patients (70%) had low Do(2) (Pbto(2), <20 mm Hg) on admission despite undergoing standard resuscitation affected by fraction of inspired oxygen, Pao(2), and cerebral perfusion pressure (P = .001). Eubaric hyperoxia improved cerebral oxygenation in the low-Do(2) group (P = .044). The Revised Trauma Score (r = 0.65) showed moderate correlation with Pbto(2) and was a significant predictor for low Do(2) (P = .001). In patients with Pbto(2) of less than 20 mm Hg, PTS correlated with cerebral oxygenation (r = 0.671, P = .033). The mean 2-hour Pbto(2) and the final Pbto(2) in survivors were significantly higher than deaths (21.6 vs 7.2 mm Hg [P = .009] and 25 vs 11 mm Hg [P = .01]). Although 4 of 6 deaths were from uncontrolled high ICP, PTS and 2-hour low Do(2) were significant for roots for mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Pbto(2) monitoring allows for early recognition of low-Do(2) situations, enabling appropriate therapeutic intervention.
Pradeep K Narotam; Sathyaprasad C Burjonrappa; Stephen C Raynor; Malini Rao; Charles Taylon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1531-5037     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-06     Completed Date:  2006-08-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  505-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Neurosurgery and Trauma, Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68131, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Brain / metabolism*
Brain Injuries / classification*,  complications,  mortality,  therapy*
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Child, Preschool
Hyperbaric Oxygenation*
Hypoxia, Brain / etiology*,  therapy*
Intracranial Pressure
Oxygen / analysis*
Patient Care Planning
Predictive Value of Tests
Respiration, Artificial
Risk Factors
Trauma Severity Indices*
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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