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Cerebral microdialysis and intracranial pressure monitoring in patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus: association with clinical response to extended lumbar drainage and shunt surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19538048     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECT: This study was performed in patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) to monitor cerebral metabolism with microdialysis (MD) and intracranial pressure (ICP) readings, and relate to the clinical responses to extended lumbar drainage (ELD) and shunt surgery. METHODS: The baseline levels of MD metabolites and ICP were monitored overnight in 40 consecutive patients with iNPH. In a subset of 28 patients, monitoring was continued during 3 days of ELD. Thirty-one patients received a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. The clinical severity of iNPH was determined before and then 3 and 6-12 months after shunt surgery. RESULTS: Altered levels of MD markers (lactate, pyruvate, lactate/pyruvate ratio, glutamate, and/or glycerol) were seen in all patients at baseline; these improved during ELD. Despite normal static ICP (mean ICP), the pulsatile ICP (the ICP wave amplitude) was increased in 24 patients (60%). Only the level of the ICP wave amplitude differentiated the ELD and/or shunt responders from nonresponders. CONCLUSIONS: The MD monitoring indicated low-grade cerebral ischemia in patients with iNPH; during ELD, cerebral metabolism improved. The pulsatile ICP (the ICP wave amplitude) was the only variable differentiating the clinical responders from the nonresponders. The authors suggest that the pulsatile ICP reflects the intracranial compliance and that CSF diversion improves the biophysical milieu of the nerve cells, which subsequently may improve their biochemical milieu.
Authors:
Per K Eide; Milo Stanisic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  112     ISSN:  1933-0693     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  414-24     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. per.kristian.eide@rikshospitalet.no
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