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Cerebral hemodynamic changes after wartime traumatic brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22890651     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with the severest casualties from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). From October 1, 2008, the U.S. Army Medical Department initiated a transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound service for TBI; included patients were retrospectively evaluated for TCD-determined incidence of post-traumatic cerebral vasospasm and intracranial hypertension after wartime TBI. Ninety patients were investigated with daily TCD studies and a comprehensive TCD protocol, and published diagnostic criteria for vasospasm and increased intracranial pressure (ICP) were applied. TCD signs of mild, moderate, and severe vasospasms were observed in 37%, 22%, and 12% of patients, respectively. TCD signs of intracranial hypertension were recorded in 62.2%; 5 patients (4.5%) underwent transluminal angioplasty for post-traumatic clinical vasospasm treatment, and 16 (14.4%) had cranioplasty. These findings demonstrate that cerebral arterial spasm and intracranial hypertension are frequent and significant complications of combat TBI; therefore, daily TCD monitoring is recommended for their recognition and subsequent management.
Authors:
Alexander Razumovsky; Teodoro Tigno; Sven M Hochheimer; Fred L Stephens; Randy Bell; Alexander H Vo; Meryl A Severson; Scott A Marshall; Stephen M Oppenheimer; Robert Ecker; Rocco A Armonda
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement     Volume:  115     ISSN:  0065-1419     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Neurochir. Suppl.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100962752     Medline TA:  Acta Neurochir Suppl     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  87-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Sentient NeuroCare Services, Inc, 11011 McCormick Rd, Suite 200, Hunt Valley, MD, USA, arazumovsky@sentientmedical.com.
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