Document Detail

Cerebral desaturation events in the beach chair position: correlation of noninvasive blood pressure and estimated temporal mean arterial pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25200919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Cerebral oximetry (rSO2) has emerged as an important tool for monitoring of cerebral perfusion during surgery. High rates of cerebral desaturation events (CDEs) have been reported during surgery in the beach chair position. However, correlations have not been made with blood pressure measured at the cerebral level. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlations between brachial noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) and estimated temporal mean arterial pressure (eTMAP) during CDEs in the beach chair position.
METHODS: Fifty-seven patients underwent elective shoulder surgery in the beach chair position. Values for eTMAP, NIBP, and rSO2 were recorded supine (0°) after induction and when a CDE occurred in the 70° beach chair position. Twenty-six patients experienced 45 CDEs, defined as a 20% drop in rSO2 from baseline.
RESULTS: Median reduction in NIBP, eTMAP, and rSO2 from baseline to the CDE were 48.2%, 75.5%, and 33.3%, respectively. At baseline, there was a significant weak negative correlation between rSO2 and NIBP (rs = -0.300; P = .045) and no significant association between rSO2 and eTMAP (rs = -0.202; P = .183). During CDEs, there were no significant correlations between rSO2 and NIBP (rs = -0.240; P = .112) or between rSO2 and eTMAP (rs = -0.190; P = .212). No significant correlation between the decrease in rSO2 and NIBP (rs = 0.064; P = .675) or between rSO2 and eTMAP (rs = 0.121; P = .430) from baseline to CDE was found.
CONCLUSION: NIBP and eTMAP are unreliable methods for identifying a CDE in the beach chair position. Cerebral oximetry provides additional information to the values obtained from NIBP and eTMAP, and all should be considered independently and collectively.
Jacob J Triplet; Christopher M Lonetta; Jonathan C Levy; Nathan G Everding; Molly A Moor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.]     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6500     ISO Abbreviation:  J Shoulder Elbow Surg     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206499     Medline TA:  J Shoulder Elbow Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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