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Cerebral blood flow abnormalities in patients with neurally mediated syncope.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20886349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study is to investigate regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in patients with syncope. We compared brain single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images of neurally mediated syncope patients with those of age/sex matched healthy volunteers. (99m)Tc-ethylcysteinate dimer (ECD) brain SPECT was performed in 35 patients (M/F = 17/18, mean 36.6 years) with syncope during the asymptomatic period, and in 35 healthy volunteers. For statistical parametric mapping (SPM) analysis, all SPECT images were spatially normalized to the standard SPECT template and then smoothed using a 14-mm full width at half maximum Gaussian kernel. The mean duration of syncope history was 4.9 years and the mean number of syncope episodes was 6.3. In all patients, syncope or presyncope episodes occurred during head-up tilt tests, and all were the vasodepressive type. SPM analysis of brain SPECT images showed significantly decreased rCBF in the right anterior insular cortex, left parahippocampal gyrus, bilateral fusiform gyri, bilateral middle and inferior temporal gyri, left lingual gyrus, bilateral precuneus and bilateral posterior lobes of the cerebellum in syncope patients at a false discovery rate corrected p < 0.05. There were no brain regions that showed increased rCBF in syncope patients. Furthermore, we found a negative correlation between the total number of syncopal episodes and the rCBF of the right prefrontal cortex, and between the duration of syncope history and the rCBF of the right cingulate gyrus at uncorrected p < 0.001. Decreases of rCBF in multiple brain regions may be responsible for autonomic dysregulation and improper processing of emotional stress in neurally mediated syncope patients, and frequent syncope episodes may lead to frontal dysfuction.
Authors:
Eun Yeon Joo; Seung Bong Hong; Minjoo Lee; Woo Suk Tae; James Lee; Suk Won Han; Ki-Hwan Ji; Minah Suh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurology     Volume:  258     ISSN:  1432-1459     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurol.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0423161     Medline TA:  J Neurol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  366-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Irwon-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 135-710, Korea.
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