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Cerebral Venous Thrombosis and Thrombophilia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24129682     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare manifestation of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and stroke. The aim of our systematic review was to provide an updated summary of the strength of association between CVT and thrombophilia and to explore the relevance of thrombophilia for recurrence of CVT or other VTE, or other outcome variables. MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE (via Ovid), and CENTRAL were systematically searched, including references of retrieved articles. Cohort studies of ≥ 40 patients and case-control studies comparing the prevalence of thrombophilia in patients with CVT and unrelated controls were eligible. Two reviewers independently selected studies, assessed quality, and extracted data. A meta-analysis was performed for high quality case-control studies with unselected cases and healthy controls. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated and pooled. We included 23 cohort studies and 33 case-control studies. A significant association was demonstrated between CVT and all inherited thrombophilic factors, as well as increased levels of homocysteine. Inconclusive results were found on the relevance of thrombophilia for recurrent CVT or other VTE. Although there is a strong association between CVT and thrombophilia, the clinical relevance of thrombophilia testing in patients with CVT seems limited, similarly to other forms of VTE.
Mandy N Lauw; Stefano Barco; Jonathan M Coutinho; Saskia Middeldorp
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in thrombosis and hemostasis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1098-9064     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin. Thromb. Hemost.     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0431155     Medline TA:  Semin Thromb Hemost     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.
Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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