Document Detail

Cerebral oxygenation in preterm infants with germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhages.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20966409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Preterm infants are at risk of developing germinal matrix hemorrhages-intraventricular hemorrhages (GMH-IVH). Disturbances in cerebral perfusion are associated with GMH-IVH. Regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (r(c)SO₂), measured with near-infrared spectroscopy, and fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) were calculated to obtain an indication of cerebral perfusion. Our objective was to determine whether r(c)SO₂ and FTOE were associated with GMH-IVH in preterm infants.
METHODS: This case-control study included 17 preterm infants with Grade I to III GMH-IVH or periventricular hemorrhagic infarction (median gestational age, 29.4 weeks; range, 25.4 to 31.9 weeks; birth weight, 1260 g; range, 850 to 1840 g). Seventeen preterm infants without GMH-IVH, matched for gestational age and birth weight, served as control subjects (gestational age, 29.9 weeks; range, 26.0 to 31.6 weeks; birth weight, 1310 g; range, 730 to 1975 g). R(c)SO₂ and transcutaneous arterial oxygen saturation were measured during 2 hours on Days 1 to 5, 8, and 15 after birth. FTOE was calculated as FTOE=(transcutaneous arterial oxygen saturation-r(c)SO₂)/transcutaneous arterial oxygen saturation.
RESULTS: Multilevel analyses showed that r(c)SO₂ was lower and FTOE higher in infants with GMH-IVH on Days 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, and 15. The largest difference occurred on Day 5 with r(c)SO₂ median 64% in infants with GMH-IVH versus 77% in control subjects and FTOE median 0.30 versus 0.17. R(c)SO₂ and FTOE were not affected by the grade of GMH-IVH.
CONCLUSIONS: Preterm infants with GMH-IVH had lower r(c)SO₂ and higher FTOE during the first 2 weeks after birth irrespective of the grade of GMH-IVH. This suggests that cerebral perfusion is decreased persistently for 2 weeks in infants with GMH-IVH, even in the presence of mild hemorrhages.
Elise A Verhagen; Hendrik J Ter Horst; Paul Keating; Albert Martijn; Koenraad N J A Van Braeckel; Arend F Bos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1524-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-30     Completed Date:  2010-12-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2901-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Neonatology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Apgar Score
Case-Control Studies
Cerebral Hemorrhage / metabolism*,  ultrasonography
Cerebral Infarction / metabolism,  pathology
Cerebral Ventricles* / ultrasonography
Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology
Gestational Age
Hemodynamics / physiology
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / metabolism*
Longitudinal Studies
Oxygen / blood
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
Reg. No./Substance:

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