Document Detail

Cerebral Oxygenation Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in the Beach-Chair Position During Shoulder Arthroscopy Under General Anesthesia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25108906     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: To examine the risks of shoulder arthroscopy in the beach-chair position (BCP) as opposed to the lateral decubitus position. The challenge during general anesthesia, particularly with the patient in the BCP, has been to ascertain the lower limit of blood pressure autoregulation, correctly measure mean arterial pressure, and adequately adjust parameters to maintain cerebral perfusion. There is increasing concern about the BCP and its association with intraoperative cerebral desaturation events (CDEs). Assessment of CDEs intraoperatively remains difficult; the emerging technology near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) may provide noninvasive, inexpensive, and continuous assessment of cerebral perfusion, offering an "early warning" system before irreversible cerebral ischemia occurs.
METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken to determine the incidence of intraoperative CDEs as measured by NIRS and whether it is possible to risk stratify patients for intraoperative CDEs, specifically the degree of elevation in the BCP.
RESULTS: Searching Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from inception until December 30, 2013, we found 9 studies (N = 339) that met our search criteria. The Level of Evidence was III or IV.
CONCLUSIONS: There remains a paucity of high-level data. The mean incidence of CDEs was 28.8%. We found a strong positive correlation between CDEs and degree of elevation in the BCP (P = .056). Emerging evidence (Level IV) suggests that we may be able to stratify patients on the basis of age, history of hypertension and stroke, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, obstructive sleep apnea, and height. The challenge remains, however, in defining the degree and duration of cerebral desaturation, as measured by NIRS, required to produce measureable neurocognitive decline postoperatively.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, systematic review of Level III and IV studies.
Sushil Pant; Adrian Low; Desmond Bokor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  REVIEW     Date:  2014-8-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1526-3231     ISO Abbreviation:  Arthroscopy     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506498     Medline TA:  Arthroscopy     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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