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Cerebral Hypoperfusion in Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome is Different from Transient Ischemic Attack on CT Perfusion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25258008     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: PRES is a reversible neurotoxic state presenting with headache, altered mental status, visual loss, and seizures. Delayed diagnosis can be avoided if radiological patterns could distinguish PRES from cerebral ischemia.
METHODS: Clinical and radiological data were collected on all hospitalized patients who had (1) discharge diagnosis of PRES and (2) acute CTP/CTA. Data were compared with 10 TIA patients with proven cytotoxic edema on MRI.
RESULTS: Of the four PRES patients found, three were correlated with acute blood pressure and one with chemotherapy. At the radiological level, quantitative analyses of the CTP parameters showed that 2 out of 4 patients had bilaterally reduced CBF-values (23.2-47.1 ml/100g/min) in occipital regions, as seen in the pathological regions of TIA patients (27.3 ± 13.5 ml/100g/min). When compared with TIA patients, the pathological ROI's demonstrated decreased CBV-values (3.4-5.6 ml/100g). Vasogenic edema on MRI FLAIR imaging was seen in only one PRES patient, and cytotoxic edema on DWI-imaging was never found. CT angiography showed in one PRES patient a vasospasm-like unilateral posterior cerebral artery.
CONCLUSIONS: If confirmed by other groups, CTP and CTA imaging in patients with acute visual loss and confusion may help to distinguish PRES from bi-occipital ischemia. These radiological parameters may identify PRES patients at risk for additional tissue infarction.
Authors:
Peter Vanacker; Gonçalo Matias; Patric Hagmann; Patrik Michel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-6569     ISO Abbreviation:  J Neuroimaging     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-9-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102705     Medline TA:  J Neuroimaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 by the American Society of Neuroimaging.
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