Document Detail


Cerebellar reorganization following cortical injury in humans: effects of lesion size and age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10078730     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated chronic cerebellar reorganization following unilateral cortical lesions in children and adults using PET to measure benzodiazepine receptor (BZR) binding with [11C]flumazenil (FMZ) and glucose metabolism with 2-deoxy-2[18F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG). BACKGROUND: Crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) is defined as decreased metabolism or blood flow in the cerebellum contralateral to a cortical insult measured by functional neuroimaging, and is typically seen in adults with large frontal or parietal lesions. The authors previously reported that CCD of glucose metabolism was not as prominent in children as in adults, and that some children showed a paradoxical pattern of increased glucose utilization in cerebellar cortex contralateral to the cortical lesion. The current study investigated whether CCD is associated with alterations in the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(A))/BZR complex. METHODS: Patients with frontal lesions alone or with parietal lesions were compared with patients with temporal lesions, which are typically not associated with CCD. RESULTS: Children with lesion onset before 1 year of age showed significantly higher glucose utilization in contralateral posterior quadrangular and superior semilunar lobules of cerebellar cortex than did adults. Two patterns of change in cerebellar BZR binding were seen in children: 1) Five of 10 children showed increased BZR binding in the dentate nucleus contralateral to the lesion, and 2) the remaining five children showed no increase in dentate nucleus BZR binding but showed increased binding in the lateral lobules of the cerebellar cortex contralateral to the lesion. Adults showed increased binding only in contralateral dentate nucleus and not in cerebellar cortex. The size and severity of the supratentorial lesion, as well as age at the time of injury, were important factors in these findings. CONCLUSIONS: Reorganization of GABA-mediated mechanisms and glucose metabolism in cerebellum following cortical injury differs with size of lesion and age at the time of injury.
Authors:
K Niimura; D C Chugani; O Muzik; H T Chugani
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0028-3878     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurology     Publication Date:  1999 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-04-30     Completed Date:  1999-04-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401060     Medline TA:  Neurology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  792-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit 48201, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Brain Injuries / physiopathology*,  radionuclide imaging*
Cerebellar Nuclei / radionuclide imaging
Cerebellum / physiopathology*,  radionuclide imaging*
Female
Glucose / metabolism
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Tomography, Emission-Computed
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
NS-34488/NS/NINDS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-99-7/Glucose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  EEG and cardiac activation during periodic leg movements in sleep: support for a hierarchy of arousa...
Next Document:  Language dominance determined by whole brain functional MRI in patients with brain lesions.