Document Detail

Cerebellar hemorrhage in extremely low birth weight infants: incidence, risk factors, and impact on long-term outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19065968     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Improvements in neuroimaging technology and techniques have contributed to the increased recognition of cerebellar hemorrhage (CBH) in the prererm infant. Studies have indicated that the extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant (< 1,000 g) is at highest risk for this injury. Associated risk factors include a constellation of antenaral, intrapartum, and neonatal factors, with immaturity, fetal distress, and cardiorespiratory instability in the early neonatal course as significant contributors. The long-term impact of CBH for the ELBW infant is not fully understood, but recent reports suggest that, in addition to motor impairments, deficits in cognitive, language, and social-behavioral function are also apparent. This article reviews the current state of knowledge of cerebellar development, risk factors for injury, and long-term developmental consequences of injury. Implications for nursing practice, education, and research are discussed.
Patricia Maddalena; Sharyn Gibbins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neonatal network : NN     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0730-0832     ISO Abbreviation:  Neonatal Netw     Publication Date:    2008 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-10     Completed Date:  2009-02-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503921     Medline TA:  Neonatal Netw     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  387-96     Citation Subset:  N    
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Cerebellar Diseases* / complications,  diagnosis,  epidemiology,  therapy
Cerebellum / physiology
Health Services Needs and Demand
Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Intensive Care, Neonatal / methods*
Intracranial Hemorrhages* / complications,  diagnosis,  epidemiology,  therapy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Neonatal Nursing / methods*
Nurse's Role
Risk Factors
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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