Document Detail

Cephalic tetanus: a case report and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3281682     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cephalic tetanus is a rare form of tetanus defined as trismus plus paralysis of one or more cranial nerves. The most frequently involved cranial nerve is the seventh. It accounts for 1 to 3% of the total number of reported cases of tetanus and has a mortality of 15 to 30%. The incubation period is 1 to 14 days, and approximately two thirds of cases progress to generalized tetanus. The mechanism of the paralysis is not completely understood. Treatment involves debridement of wounds, administration of penicillin and tetanus immune-globulin, aggressive supportive care, and initiation of active immunization.
A Jagoda; S Riggio; T Burguieres
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  6     ISSN:  0735-6757     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Emerg Med     Publication Date:  1988 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-05-17     Completed Date:  1988-05-17     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309942     Medline TA:  Am J Emerg Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  128-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Emergency Medicine, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20007.
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MeSH Terms
Facial Injuries / complications,  therapy
Facial Paralysis / etiology*,  therapy
Middle Aged
Tetanus / complications*,  therapy
Trismus / etiology*,  therapy

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