Document Detail


Central nervous system control of heat acclimation adaptations: an emerging paradigm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12405229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The role of the central nervous system (CNS) in the control of human heat acclimation (HA) and HA adaptations at the ultrastructural and biochemical level are not well described, although empirical evidence demonstrates that the hypothalamus adjusts thermoregulation subsequent to 8-14 days of exercise in a hot environment. Therefore, numerous investigations and concepts are presented in this paper that 1) describe plausible mechanisms for the development and CNS control of physiological adaptations and enhanced performance during heat acclimation, 2) include adaptations of neuron morphology and biochemical pathways, 3) account for situations in which homeostatic control during exercise in heat is inadequate, and 4) describe applications to other phenomena in physiology and medicine. The resulting paradigm incorporates information storage, temperature-sensitive neurons in the brain, and neural plasticity.
Authors:
Lawrence E Armstrong; James Stoppani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reviews in the neurosciences     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0334-1763     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Neurosci     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-30     Completed Date:  2003-02-07     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8711016     Medline TA:  Rev Neurosci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  271-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The University of Connecticut, Department of Physiology & Neurobiology, Storrs, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acclimatization / physiology*
Adaptation, Biological / physiology*
Body Temperature
Central Nervous System / physiology*
Environment
Exercise / physiology
Hot Temperature*
Humans
Neural Conduction
Neural Pathways / physiology
Neuronal Plasticity
Neurons / physiology
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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