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Central immune overactivation in the presence of reduced plasma corticosterone contributes to swim stress-induced hyperalgesia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24316519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although it is widely known that immunological, hormonal and nociceptive mechanisms are altered by exposure to repeated stress, the interplaying roles of each function in the development of post-stress hyperalgesia are not completely clear. Thus, we wanted to establish how interleukin 1-beta (IL-1β), corticosterone and microglia interact to contribute in the development of hyperalgesia following repeated forced swim. Rats were subjected to either forced swim, sham swim or non-conditioned. Each group was then treated with minocycline, ketoconazole, or saline. Thermal nociception was measured via the hot plate test, before and after the behavioral conditioning, whereas blood and lumbar spinal cord tissue samples were obtained at the end of the protocol. Serum levels of corticosterone, spinal tissue concentration of IL-1β and spinal OX-42 labeling (microglial marker) were determined. Rats exposed to forced swim stress developed thermal hyperalgesia along with elevated spinal tissue IL-1β, increased OX-42 labeling and relatively diminished serum corticosterone. Pre-treatment with minocycline and ketoconazole prevented the development of thermal hyperalgesia and the increase in IL-1β, without significantly modifying serum corticosterone. These results suggest that the development of forced swim-induced thermal hyperalgesia requires the simultaneous presence of increased spinal IL-1β, microglial activation, and relatively decreased serum corticosterone.
Authors:
H Suarez-Roca; L Quintero; R Avila; S Medina; M De Freitas; R Cárdenas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research bulletin     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2747     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res. Bull.     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605818     Medline TA:  Brain Res Bull     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Sección de Neurofarmacología y Neurociencias, Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas "Dr. Américo Negrette", Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Zulia, Apartado Postal 23, Maracaibo 4001-A, Venezuela. Electronic address: hsuarezroca@yahoo.com.
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