Document Detail


Central administration of the opioid antagonist, LY255582, decreases short- and long-term food intake in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1667609     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A variety of opioid antagonists have been reported to decrease short-term food intake, but few appear to reduce long-term intake. In the present study we evaluated the effect of a relatively new class of opioid antagonists, 3,4-dimethyl-4-phenylpiperidines, on short-term and long-term food intake after central administration. We also evaluated their affinities for the mu and kappa opioid receptor sites in synaptosomal membranes derived from rat whole brain tissue (minus cerebellum) and guinea-pig cortex, respectively. The affinities for the mu receptor sites were LY255582 greater than LY217273 greater than LY256897 greater than naloxone greater than LY227444. The affinities for the kappa receptor sites were LY255582 greater than LY256897 = LY217273 greater than LY227444. LY255582 reduced food intake for up to 24 h after a single intraventricular injection. Doses as low as 1 microgram of LY255582 decreased food intake for up to 4 h. All other drugs were much less powerful. Naloxone and LY256897 only decreased food intake after injection of the 100 microgram dose. LY227444 and LY217273 failed to decrease intake at all doses tested. LY255582 (100 micrograms) decreased food intake over a 7 day period when injected intraventricularly once per day. The body weight of the rats also decreased during the 7 day period. Upon cessation of drug administration body weights and food intake approached control levels. Thus, LY255582 appears to be a very potent and long-acting anorectic agent which may be useful in the treatment of obesity. The mu and kappa binding profile of the phenylpiperidines does not seem to clearly correlate with their anorectic activity.
Authors:
A S Levine; M Grace; C J Billington; D M Zimmerman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research     Volume:  566     ISSN:  0006-8993     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res.     Publication Date:  1991 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-06-23     Completed Date:  1992-06-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045503     Medline TA:  Brain Res     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  193-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
VA Medical Center Research Service-151, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55417.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Brain / metabolism*
Cerebral Ventricles / drug effects,  physiology*
Cyclohexanes / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Feeding Behavior / drug effects*
Injections, Intraventricular
Kinetics
Male
Narcotic Antagonists / pharmacology*
Piperidines / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Receptors, Opioid / drug effects,  metabolism*
Receptors, Opioid, kappa
Receptors, Opioid, mu
Synaptosomes / metabolism
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cyclohexanes; 0/Narcotic Antagonists; 0/Piperidines; 0/Receptors, Opioid; 0/Receptors, Opioid, kappa; 0/Receptors, Opioid, mu; 120938-72-9/LY 243670

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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