Document Detail


Cellular phone dermatitis with chromate allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12835548     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: A patient with allergic contact dermatitis caused by hexavalent chromium plating on a cellular phone has already been reported. OBJECTIVES: This study described the clinical characteristics and results of patch tests in 8 patients with contact dermatitis possibly caused by handling a cellular phone. PATIENTS: The 8 patients were 4 males and 4 females aged from 14 to 54 years. They each noticed skin eruptions after 9-25 days of using a cellular phone. All patients had erythema, and 7 had papules on the hemilateral auricle or in the preauricular region. Three of 8 patients had a history of metal allergy. Chromate, aluminium and acrylnitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer were used as plating on the cellular phones used by these patients. METHODS: Closed patch tests and photopatch tests were performed using metal standard antigens. RESULTS: The patch test was positive for 0.5, 0.1 and 0.05% potassium dichromate in all 8 patients. The photopatch test showed the same results. One patient was positive for 2% cobalt chloride and one for 5% nickel sulfate. CONCLUSION: It is important to consider the possibility of contact dermatitis due to a cellular phone, possibly caused by chromate, when the patients have erythema and papules on the hemilateral auricle or in the preauricular region.
Authors:
Mariko Seishima; Zuiei Oyama; Makiko Oda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dermatology (Basel, Switzerland)     Volume:  207     ISSN:  1018-8665     ISO Abbreviation:  Dermatology (Basel)     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-01     Completed Date:  2003-10-23     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203244     Medline TA:  Dermatology     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  48-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel
Affiliation:
Department of Dermatology, Ogaki Municipal Hospital, Ogaki City, Japan. seishima@gumail.cc.gifu-u.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Cellular Phone*
Chromates / adverse effects*
Dermatitis, Allergic Contact / diagnosis*,  etiology
Ear, External
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patch Tests
Risk Assessment
Sampling Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chromates

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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