Document Detail


Cellular cross-talk between epicardial adipose tissue and myocardium in relation to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22895783     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Epicardial and perivascular fat depot size is considered an index of cardiac and visceral obesity. The functional and anatomic proximity of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) to myocardium has drawn increasing attention among researchers in recent years attempting to elucidate its putative role as an endocrine organ. This includes its role as a lipid storing depot, and as an inflammatory tissue secreting cytokines and chemokines under pathogenic conditions such as cardiovascular diseases. In this review we discuss the current state of knowledge regarding the potential EAT mediators of inflammation and the paracrine cross-talk between EAT and the underlying myocardium. We will also seek to highlight the most recent findings on the causes and correlates of myocardial steatosis/cardiac lipotoxicity and its association with cardiac dysfunction.
Authors:
Sam Cherian; Gary D Lopaschuk; Eugenia Carvalho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1555     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901226     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology.
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