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Cells in the female retrotrapezoid region upregulate c-fos in response to 10%, but not 5%, carbon dioxide.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22137562     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) is thought to regulate breathing in response to changes in blood carbon dioxide (CO(2)), and to make a vital contribution to respiratory drive, especially during sleep. However, cells in the female RTN fail to upregulate c-fos in response to low level CO(2) exposure, while cells in the male RTN have a robust upregulation of c-fos in response to low level CO(2) exposure. In this study, we examined the possibility that the female RTN has a higher threshold for c-fos upregulation in response to CO(2). Following exposure of Fos-Tau-LacZ (FTL) transgenic mice to 10% CO(2), c-fos was upregulated in just as many cells in the female as in the male RTN. In addition, the male RTN responded equivalently to 5% and 10% CO(2), consistent with a lack of a dose response to CO(2) in the male RTN. Cells in the nearby facial nucleus upregulated c-fos in the same number of cells regardless of sex or gas exposure, confirming that the sex difference in the RTN is unique to that nucleus. We propose that the male and female RTN upregulate c-fos differently in response to CO(2) due to differences in the transcriptional regulation by estrogens of genes that encode proteins related to neuronal excitability or specifically related to central chemoreception, such as potassium channels. These findings could have clinical relevance to sleep related breathing disorders that disproportionately affect males, including the sudden infant death syndrome and sleep apnea.
Authors:
Mary M Niblock; Kelly M Lohr; Melissa Nixon; Caitlin Barnes; Meredith Schaudies; Mark Murphy
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6240     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045503     Medline TA:  Brain Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Biology Department, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA, USA; Neuroscience Program, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA, USA.
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