Document Detail

Cell-sheet Therapy with Omentopexy Promotes Arteriogenesis and Improves Coronary Circulation Physiology in Failing Heart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25421595     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Cell-sheet transplantation induces angiogenesis for chronic myocardial infarction (MI), though insuf?cient capillary maturation and paucity of arteriogenesis may limit its therapeutic effects. Omentum has been used clinically to promote revascularization and healing of ischemic tissues. We hypothesized that cell-sheet transplantation covered with an omentum-flap would effectively establish mature blood vessels and improve coronary microcirculation physiology, enhancing the therapeutic effects of cell-sheet therapy. Rats were divided into 4 groups after coronary ligation; skeletal myoblast cell-sheet plus omentum-flap (combined), cell-sheet only, omentum-flap only, and sham operation. At 4 weeks after the treatment, the combined group showed attenuated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, and a greater amount of functionally (CD31(+)/lectin(+)) and structurally (CD31(+)/α-SMA(+)) mature blood vessels, along with myocardial upregulation of relevant genes. Synchrotron-based microangiography revealed that the combined procedure increased vascularization in resistance arterial vessels with better dilatory responses to endothelium-dependent agents. Serial (13)N-ammonia PET showed better global coronary flow reserve in the combined group, mainly attributed by improvement in the basal left ventricle. Consequently, the combined group had sustained improvements in cardiac function parameters and better functional capacity. Cell-sheet transplantation with an omentum-flap better promoted arteriogenesis and improved coronary microcirculation physiology in ischemic myocardium, leading to potent functional recovery in failing heart.Molecular Therapy (2014); doi:10.1038/mt.2014.225.
Satoshi Kainuma; Shigeru Miyagawa; Satsuki Fukushima; James Pearson; Yi Ching Chen; Atsuhiro Saito; Akima Harada; Motoko Shiozaki; Hiroko Iseoka; Tadashi Watabe; Hiroshi Watabe; Genki Horitsugi; Mana Ishibashi; Hayato Ikeda; Hirotsugu Tsuchimochi; Takashi Sonobe; Yutaka Fujii; Hisamichi Naito; Keiji Umetani; Tatsuya Shimizu; Teruo Okano; Eiji Kobayashi; Takashi Daimon; Takayoshi Ueno; Toru Kuratani; Koichi Toda; Nobuyuki Takakura; Jun Hatazawa; Mikiyasu Shirai; Yoshiki Sawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-0024     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Ther.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100890581     Medline TA:  Mol Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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