Document Detail

Cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis are modified by n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in normal colonic mucosa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10405974     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Supplementation with low doses of eicosapentaenoic (EPA) or docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid was used here to investigate changes in epithelial proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in normal rat colonic mucosa. ACI/T rats received by oral administration low doses of purified EPA or DHA ethyl esters (1 g/kg body weight) and colonic mucosa was analyzed for cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acid incorporation into membrane phospholipids was investigated as reflections of fatty acid metabolism. Both EPA and DHA suppressed colonocyte proliferation and increased the numbers of differentiating and apoptotic cells without modification of the crypt morphology and the number of cells per crypt columns. A significant incorporation of the supplemented fatty acids into total phospholipids was observed. This enrichment was accompanied by a decreased content in arachidonic acid. The observation that EPA and DHA do not alter crypt morphology although they modify cell turnover in normal colonic mucosa suggests a possible use of these fatty acids as dietary chemopreventive agents.
G Calviello; P Palozza; N Maggiano; E Piccioni; P Franceschelli; A Frattucci; F Di Nicuolo; G M Bartoli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lipids     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0024-4201     ISO Abbreviation:  Lipids     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-12-09     Completed Date:  1999-12-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060450     Medline TA:  Lipids     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  599-604     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of General Pathology, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Differentiation*
Cell Division*
Colon / cytology,  metabolism
Docosahexaenoic Acids / administration & dosage,  metabolism*
Eicosapentaenoic Acid / administration & dosage,  metabolism*
Intestinal Mucosa / cytology,  metabolism*
Phospholipids / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Phospholipids; 1553-41-9/Eicosapentaenoic Acid; 25167-62-8/Docosahexaenoic Acids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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