Document Detail

Cell cycle arrest evidence, parasiticidal and bactericidal properties induced by L-amino acid oxidase from Bothrops atrox snake venom.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21300133     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The present article describes an L-amino acid oxidase from Bothrops atrox snake venom as with antiprotozoal activities in Trypanosoma cruzi and in different species of Leishmania (Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania donovani and Leishmania major). Leishmanicidal effects were inhibited by catalase, suggesting that they are mediated by H(2)O(2) production. Leishmania spp cause a spectrum of diseases, ranging from self-healing ulcers to disseminated and often fatal infections, depending on the species involved and the host's immune response. BatroxLAAO also displays bactericidal activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The apoptosis induced by BatroxLAAO on HL-60 cell lines and PBMC cells was determined by morphological cell evaluation using a mix of fluorescent dyes. As revealed by flow cytometry analysis, suppression of cell proliferation with BatroxLAAO was accompanied by the significant accumulation of cells in the G0/G1 phase boundary in HL-60 cells. BatroxLAAO at 25 μg/mL and 50 μg/mL blocked G0-G1 transition, resulting in G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest, thereby delaying the progression of cells through S and G2/M phase in HL-60 cells. This was shown by an accentuated decrease in the proportion of cells in S phase, and the almost absence of G2/M phase cell population. BatroxLAAO is an interesting enzyme that provides a better understanding of the ophidian envenomation mechanism, and has biotechnological potential as a model for therapeutic agents.
Raquel de Melo Alves Paiva; Raquel de Freitas Figueiredo; Gilmara Ausech Antonucci; Helder Henrique Paiva; Maria de Lourdes Pires Bianchi; Kelly C Rodrigues; Rodrigo Lucarini; Renato Cesar Caetano; Rosemeire Cristina Linhari Rodrigues Pietro; Carlos Henrique Gomes Martins; Sérgio de Albuquerque; Suely Vilela Sampaio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1638-6183     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1264604     Medline TA:  Biochimie     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto - Universidade de São Paulo. Departamento de Análises Clínicas, Toxicológicas e Bromatológicas.
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