Document Detail

Cell biology of H(2)O(2) generation in the thyroid: Investigation of the control of dual oxidases (DUOX) activity in intact ex vivo thyroid tissue and cell lines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21683758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
H(2)O(2) generation by dual oxidase (DUOX) at the apex of thyroid cells is the limiting factor in the oxidation of iodide and the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Its characteristics have been investigated using different in vitro models, from the most physiological thyroid slices to the particulate fraction isolated from transfected DUOX expressing CHO cells. Comparison of the models shows that some positive controls are thyroid specific (TSH) or require the substructure of the in vivo cells (MβCD). Other controls apply to all intact cell models such as the stimulation of the PIP(3) phospholipase C pathway by ATP acting on purinergic receptors, the activation of the Gq protein downstream (NaF), or surrogates of the intracellular signals generated by this cascade (phorbol esters for protein kinase C, Ca(++) ionophore for Ca(++)). Still, other controls, exerted by intracellular Ca(++) or its substitute Mn(++), the intracellular pH, or arachidonate bear directly on the enzyme. Iodide acts at the apical membrane of the cell through an oxidized form, presumably iodohexadecanal. Cooling of the cells to 22°C blocks the activation of the PIP(3) phospholipase C cascade. All these effects are reversible. Their kinetics and concentration-effect characteristics have been defined in the four models. A general scheme of the thyroid signaling pathways regulating this metabolism is proposed. The probes characterized could be applied to other H(2)O(2) producing cells and to pathological material.
C Massart; C Hoste; A Virion; J Ruf; J E Dumont; J Van Sande
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular endocrinology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8057     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7500844     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Endocrinol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Institute of Interdisciplinary Research (IRIBHM), University of Brussels, Campus Erasme, Route de Lennik 808, B 1070 Brussels, Belgium.
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