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Celecoxib does not affect the release of hyaluronic acid in end stage osteoarthritic joints.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23001685     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs play a major role in the management of osteoarthritis (OA). However, it remains unknown whether these drugs affect cartilage and synovial metabolism in osteoarthritic joints. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, on synovial fluids and tissues in severely osteoarthritic knees. METHODS: Patients were randomized into three groups and medicated two weeks prior to total knee arthroplasty with celecoxib, diclofenac sodium, or no medication (control). We checked for the presence of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and hyaluronic acid (HA) in the synovial fluids of all three groups. RESULTS: MMP-3 significantly decreased in the celecoxib-treated patients (p = 0.0031). On the other hand, there were no significant differences among the three groups in their TNF-α and IL-1β levels. HA in the joint fluid was significantly increased in the diclofenac-treated group, while HA was not changed in the celecoxib-treated patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that celecoxib did not affect the level of HA in the joint fluid in the knee in severe OA, in contrast to the effect of the dual COX inhibitor.
Authors:
Daisuke Takahashi; Tokifumi Majima; Tomohiro Onodera; Yasuhiko Kasahara; Masahiro Inoue; Toru Irie; Toshiyuki Kasemura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Modern rheumatology / the Japan Rheumatism Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-7609     ISO Abbreviation:  Mod Rheumatol     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100959226     Medline TA:  Mod Rheumatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Joint Replacement and Tissue Engineering, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Kita-15, Nishi-7, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8638, Japan.
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