Document Detail

Cavity volume of ruptured plaque is an independent predictor for angiographic no-reflow phenomenon during primary angioplasty in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20884175     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Plaque rupture plays a critical role for the development of acute myocardial infarction. However, whether quantitative parameters with regard to the cavity size of ruptured plaque are associated with no-reflow (NR) phenomenon following primary angioplasty remains to be elucidated.
METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 53 patients with de novo ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who had plaque rupture at the culprit lesion defined by pre-intervention virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of NR phenomenon: NR group (n=19) and non-NR group (n = 34). By VH-IVUS, we evaluated cavity length, maximum area, and volume of ruptured plaque in culprit lesions. The cavity length, maximum area, and volume were significantly higher in the NR group than those of the non-NR group (4.8 ± 2.1 mm vs. 2.9 ± 4.8 mm, p < 0.001; 3.6 ± 1.4 mm² vs. 1.9 ± 0.5 mm², p < 0.001; 11.5 ± 6.3 mm³ vs. 3.7 ± 2.2 cm³, p < 0.001). A multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the cavity volume was an independent risk for NR phenomenon. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis revealed that the cavity volume could predict NR phenomenon.
CONCLUSIONS: The cavity size of ruptured plaque is closely associated with NR phenomenon in patients with STEMI. Evaluation of the cavity volume by VH-IVUS may provide useful information for the prediction of NR phenomenon.
Kousei Ohshima; Shuntaro Ikeda; Hisaki Kadota; Kenichi Yamane; Naoki Izumi; Hiroshi Kawazoe; Kiyotaka Ohshima; Mareomi Hamada
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiology     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1876-4738     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiol     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804703     Medline TA:  J Cardiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  36-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Division of Cardiology, Uwajima City Hospital, Ehime, Japan.
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