Document Detail


Caution on the storage of waters and aqueous solutions in plastic containers for hydrogen and oxygen stable isotope analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23059879     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
RATIONALE: The choice of containers for storage of aqueous samples between their collection, transport and water hydrogen ((2) H) and oxygen ((18) O) stable isotope analysis is a topic of concern for a wide range of fields in environmental, geological, biomedical, food, and forensic sciences. The transport and separation of water molecules during water vapor or liquid uptake by sorption or solution and the diffusive transport of water molecules through organic polymer material by permeation or pervaporation may entail an isotopic fractionation. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the extent of such fractionation.
METHODS: Sixteen bottle-like containers of eleven different organic polymers, including low and high density polyethylene (LDPE and HDPE), polypropylene (PP), polycarbonate (PC), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), and perfluoroalkoxy-Teflon (PFA), of different wall thickness and size were completely filled with the same mineral water and stored for 659 days under the same conditions of temperature and humidity. Particular care was exercised to keep the bottles tightly closed and prevent loss of water vapor through the seals.
RESULTS: Changes of up to +5‰ for δ(2) H values and +2.0‰ for δ(18) O values were measured for water after more than 1 year of storage within a plastic container, with the magnitude of change depending mainly on the type of organic polymer, wall thickness, and container size. The most important variations were measured for the PET and PC bottles. Waters stored in glass bottles with Polyseal™ cone-lined PP screw caps and thick-walled HDPE or PFA containers with linerless screw caps having an integrally molded inner sealing ring preserved their original δ(2) H and δ(18) O values. The carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen stable isotope compositions of the organic polymeric materials were also determined.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study clearly show that for precise and accurate measurements of the water stable isotope composition in aqueous solutions, rigorous sampling and storage procedures are needed both for laboratory standards and for unknown samples. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Jorge E Spangenberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1097-0231     ISO Abbreviation:  Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802365     Medline TA:  Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2627-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Institute of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, University of Lausanne, Anthropole Building, CH-1015, Lausanne, Switzerland. Jorge.Spangenberg@unil.ch.
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