Document Detail

Causes of sow mortality in Hungarian indoor and outdoor pig production units.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12357674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Assessing the reasons for death in pig breeding units is the first step in understanding and controlling the factors influencing sow losses due to mortality. From October 1997 to October 2001 in forty-nine indoor (2876 sows died) and sixty-five outdoor breeding units (3451 sows died) sow mortality was evaluated. The average annual mortality rate during the four year evaluation period was 5.1 +/- 1.2% in indoor and 12.2 +/- 2.1% in outdoor production units. Swine urogenital disease (SUGD, 32.4%), heart failure (HF, 21.8%) and locomotor problems (LP, 33.1%) caused deaths were markedly higher in outdoor production, while periparturient diseases (mastitis-metritis-agalactia, MMA, 24.5%) and torsion or distension abdominal organs (TDA, 20.5%) revealed markedly higher losses in indoor units. The annual culling rate was 39.1% in the indoor and 45.2% in the outdoor units. In outdoor units 40.1% of all deaths occurred during the periparturient period of the reproductive cycle, in indoor units the majority of mortality happened during lactation (40.2%). Average parity at death was 3.6 in indoor and 2.5 in outdoor production.
Henrik Karg; Gabor Bilkei
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Berliner und Münchener tierärztliche Wochenschrift     Volume:  115     ISSN:  0005-9366     ISO Abbreviation:  Berl. Munch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr.     Publication Date:    2002 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-02     Completed Date:  2002-12-13     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0003163     Medline TA:  Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  366-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Bilkei Consulting, Raubbühlstr. 4, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Husbandry / methods*
Cause of Death*
Housing, Animal*
Hungary / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Swine Diseases / mortality*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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