Document Detail

Causes and prevention of dental caries: a perspective on cases and incidence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15921332     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of the present paper is: 1) to review recent concepts of the causes of caries; 2) to illustrate parameters of causes of cases and of incidence; and 3) to outline the consequences for caries prevention and oral health promotion. The paper is divided in three sections. Section 1 reviews recent theories of the causes of caries and summarizes that it is necessary to make a clear distinction between the causes of a case of caries and causes of occurrence of caries in populations. Cases relate to the reasons why individuals get sick, while incidence relates to why so many (or so few) within a population get sick. In section 2 the difference between the causes of a case and of the occurrence in a population is illustrated. A new social epidemiology moves beyond the focus on individual level risk factors to a multi-level perspective. Applied to oral diseases the paradigm of social epidemiology bridges our understanding of the biological determinants of caries with an understanding of the societal determinants of caries. Social epidemiology is the branch of epidemiology that studies the social distribution and social determinants of states of health. Individuals are embedded in societies and populations. In section 3 the insight acquired above is applied to the choice of disease-preventive and oral health-promotive strategies. Prevention of caries and promotion of oral health must be rooted in the understanding of caries as it occurs in populations.
Dorthe Holst
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oral health & preventive dentistry     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1602-1622     ISO Abbreviation:  Oral Health Prev Dent     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-05-30     Completed Date:  2005-06-14     Revised Date:  2013-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101167768     Medline TA:  Oral Health Prev Dent     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9-14     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Institute of Community Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Cariogenic Agents
Cariostatic Agents
Dental Caries / epidemiology,  etiology*,  prevention & control*
Dental Caries Susceptibility
Dental Plaque / microbiology
Diet, Cariogenic
Fluorides / therapeutic use
Health Promotion
Risk Factors
Social Class
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cariogenic Agents; 0/Cariostatic Agents; 0/Fluorides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  The effect of LongoVital on recurrent aphthous stomatitis in a controlled clinical trial.
Next Document:  Caries risk profiles of 12-13-year-old children in Laos and Sweden.