Document Detail

Causes of neonatal mortality in Spain (1975-98): influence of sex, rural-urban residence and age at death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16762089     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Neonatal mortality during the first week of life, corresponding to the years 1975-1998, was studied in Spain. The first week of life is the time in which the highest number of deaths occur. The temporal decrease of the neonatal mortality rate (NMR) was modelled according to log10(NMR+1)= 2.784 - 0.023 per year. This decline cannot be explained by an increase in the mean birth weight (MBW=23440.835 - 10.107 g per year). From the most frequent of the causes of death to the least were: congenital anomalies, preterm born or low birth weight, respiratory problems, pregnancy difficulties, hypoxaemia/asphyxia, delivery difficulties and infectious diseases. This sequence changed when the specific age at death was considered. The NMR descended evenly for both sexes for the causes indicated above, except for preterm born or low birth weight, in which the male mortality decrease was greater since its rate was more elevated at the beginning of the period studied. For all the causes listed, NMR was more elevated both in urban areas and for males. Early neonatal mortality (first 24 hours) was higher for pregnancy difficulties, preterm born or low birth weight, congenital anomalies and hypoxaemia/asphyxia.
Verónica Alonso; Vicente Fuster; Francisco Luna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biosocial science     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0021-9320     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biosoc Sci     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-09     Completed Date:  2006-08-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0177346     Medline TA:  J Biosoc Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  537-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Biología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Certificates
Birth Weight
Infant Mortality / trends*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / classification,  mortality*
Pregnancy Complications
Rural Population
Urban Population

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