Document Detail

Causes of mortality of albatross chicks at Midway Atoll.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2167393     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
As part of an investigation of the effect of plastic ingestion on seabirds in Hawaii, we necropsied the carcasses of 137 Laysan albatross (Diomedea immutabilis) chicks from Midway Atoll in the Pacific Ocean during the summer of 1987. Selected tissues were collected for microbiological, parasitological, toxicological or histopathological examinations. Dehydration was the most common cause of death. Lead poisoning, trauma, emaciation (starvation) and trombidiosis were other causes of death; nonfatal nocardiosis and avian pox also were present. There was no evidence that ingested plastic caused mechanical lesions or mortality in 1987, but most of the chicks had considerably less plastic in them than chicks from earlier years. Human activity (lead poisoning and vehicular trauma) caused mortality at Midway Atoll and represented additive mortality for pre-fledgling albatrosses.
L Sileo; P R Sievert; M D Samuel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of wildlife diseases     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0090-3558     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Wildl. Dis.     Publication Date:  1990 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-09-25     Completed Date:  1990-09-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0244160     Medline TA:  J Wildl Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  329-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Wildlife Health Research Center, Madison, Wisconsin 53711.
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MeSH Terms
Bird Diseases / mortality*
Cause of Death
Dehydration / mortality,  veterinary*
Drowning / mortality,  veterinary
Lead Poisoning / mortality,  veterinary*
Nocardia Infections / epidemiology,  veterinary
Nocardia asteroides / isolation & purification
Plastics / adverse effects
Poxviridae Infections / epidemiology,  veterinary
Starvation / mortality,  veterinary
Trombiculiasis / mortality,  veterinary
Wounds and Injuries / mortality,  veterinary*
Reg. No./Substance:

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