Document Detail

Causes of death of persons with developmental disabilities: comparison of institutional and community residents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9803129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Between 1993 and 1995, 1,878 persons transferred from California institutions into the community. By early 1996, 45 had died--significantly more than expected (Strauss, Shavelle, Baumeister, and Anderson, 1998). We report here on the death certificates for this group, using a comparison group of 45 certificates for institutional residents. Thirty-two of the community deaths versus 10 of the institution deaths were "sudden" or "subacute." All of the institution deaths versus 79% of the community deaths were reported to the coroner, and 55% of the institutional deaths were followed by autopsy compared to 33% in the community. Six deaths were due to perforated bowels, 5 of which were in individuals residing in the community.
D Strauss; T W Anderson; R Shavelle; F Sheridan; S Trenkle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mental retardation     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0047-6765     ISO Abbreviation:  Ment Retard     Publication Date:  1998 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-02-22     Completed Date:  1999-02-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  18640670R     Medline TA:  Ment Retard     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  386-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Statistics, University of California at Riverside 92521, USA.
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MeSH Terms
California / epidemiology
Cause of Death
Child, Preschool
Death Certificates
Deinstitutionalization / statistics & numerical data*
Mental Retardation / mortality*,  rehabilitation
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Grant Support

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