Document Detail


Causes and consequences of low grade endotoxemia and inflammatory diseases .
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23277084     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Increasing clinical observations reveal that persistent low-grade inflammation is associated with the pathogenesis of severe chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, and aging-related neurological diseases. Intriguingly, low levels of circulating Gram-negative bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) appear to be one of the key culprits in provoking a non-resolving low-grade inflammation. Adverse life styles, chronic infection, and aging can all contribute to the rise of circulating endotoxin levels and lead to low-grade endotoxemia. As a consequence, low-grade endotoxemia may skew host immune environment into a mild non-resolving pro-inflammatory state, which eventually leads to the pathogenesis and progression of inflammatory diseases. This review aims to highlight the recent progress in the causes and consequences of low-grade endotoxemia, as well as the emerging molecular mechanisms responsible.
Authors:
Trevor G Glaros; Samantha Chang; Elizabeth A Gilliam; Urmila Maitra; Hui Deng; Liwu Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers in bioscience (Scholar edition)     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1945-0524     ISO Abbreviation:  Front Biosci (Schol Ed)     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101485241     Medline TA:  Front Biosci (Schol Ed)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  754-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Life Science 1 Building, Washington Street, Department of Biology, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061.
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