Document Detail


Cause, timing, and location of death in the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22901498     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial randomized 555 subjects with a single right ventricle undergoing the Norwood procedure at 15 North American centers to receive either a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt or right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt. Results demonstrated a rate of death or cardiac transplantation by 12 months postrandomization of 36% for the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt and 26% for the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt, consistent with other publications. Despite this high mortality rate, little is known about the circumstances surrounding these deaths.
METHODS: There were 164 deaths within 12 months postrandomization. A committee adjudicated all deaths for cause and recorded the timing, location, and other factors for each event.
RESULTS: The most common cause of death was cardiovascular (42%), followed by unknown cause (24%) and multisystem organ failure (7%). The median age at death for subjects dying during the 12 months was 1.6 months (interquartile range, 0.6 to 3.7 months), with the highest number of deaths occurring during hospitalization related to the Norwood procedure. The most common location of death was at a Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial hospital (74%), followed by home (13%). There were 29 sudden, unexpected deaths (18%), although in retrospect, 12 were preceded by a prodrome.
CONCLUSIONS: In infants with a single right ventricle undergoing staged repair, the majority of deaths within 12 months of the procedure are due to cardiovascular causes, occur in a hospital, and within the first few months of life. Increased understanding of the circumstances surrounding the deaths of these single ventricle patients may reduce the high mortality rate.
Authors:
Richard G Ohye; Julie V Schonbeck; Pirooz Eghtesady; Peter C Laussen; Christian Pizarro; Peter Shrader; Deborah U Frank; Eric M Graham; Kevin D Hill; Jeffrey P Jacobs; Kirk R Kanter; Joel A Kirsh; Linda M Lambert; Alan B Lewis; Chitra Ravishankar; James S Tweddell; Ismee A Williams; Gail D Pearson;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-08-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  144     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-17     Completed Date:  2012-11-30     Revised Date:  2014-04-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  907-14     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00115934
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Blalock-Taussig Procedure / adverse effects,  mortality*
Cause of Death
Heart Defects, Congenital / mortality,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Heart Ventricles / abnormalities,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Hemodynamics
Hospital Mortality
Humans
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome / mortality,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Infant Mortality
Infant, Newborn
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
North America
Norwood Procedures / adverse effects,  mortality*
Postoperative Complications / etiology,  mortality
Prospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Function
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
U01 HL068269/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U01 HL068270/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U01 HL068279/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U01 HL068281/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U01 HL068285/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U01 HL068288/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U01 HL068290/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U01 HL068292/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U01 HL085057/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U10 HL109737/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U10 HL109781/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
Gail Pearson / ; Victoria Pemberton / ; Rae-Ellen Kavey / ; Mario Stylianou / ; Marsha Mathis / ; Lynn Mahony / ; Lynn Sleeper / ; Sharon Tennstedt / ; Steven Colan / ; Lisa Virzi / ; Patty Connell / ; Victoria Muratov / ; Lisa Wruck / ; Minmin Lu / ; Dianne Gallagher / ; Anne Devine / ; Julie Schonbeck / ; Thomas Travison / ; David F Teitel / ; Jane W Newburger / ; Peter Laussen / ; Pedro del Nido / ; Roger Breitbart / ; Jami Levine / ; Ellen McGrath / ; Carolyn Dunbar-Masterson / ; John E Mayer / ; Frank Pigula / ; Emile A Bacha / ; Francis Fynn-Thompson / ; Wyman Lai / ; Beth Printz / ; Daphne Hsu / ; William Hellenbrand / ; Ismee Williams / ; Ashwin Prakash / ; Seema Mital / ; Ralph Mosca / ; Darlene Servedio / ; Rozelle Corda / ; Rosalind Korsin / ; Mary Nash / ; Victoria L Vetter / ; Sarah Tabbutt / ; J William Gaynor / ; Chitra Ravishankar / ; Thomas Spray / ; Meryl Cohen / ; Marisa Nolan / ; Stephanie Piacentino / ; Sandra DiLullo / ; Nicole Mirarchi / ; D Woodrow Benson / ; Catherine Dent Krawczeski / ; Lois Bogenschutz / ; Teresa Barnard / ; Michelle Hamstra / ; Rachel Griffiths / ; Kathryn Hogan / ; Steven Schwartz / ; David Nelson / ; Pirooz Eghtesady / ; Page A W Anderson / ; Jennifer Li / ; Wesley Covitz / ; Kari Crawford / ; Michael Hines / ; James Jaggers / ; Theodore Koutlas / ; Charlie Sang / ; Lori Jo Sutton / ; Mingfen Xu / ; J Philip Saul / ; Andrew Atz / ; Girish Shirali / ; Scott Bradley / ; Eric Graham / ; Teresa Atz / ; Patricia Infinger / ; L LuAnn Minich / ; John A Hawkins / ; Michael Puchalski / ; Richard V Williams / ; Peter C Kouretas / ; Linda M Lambert / ; Marian E Shearrow / ; Jun A Porter / ; Brian McCrindle / ; Joel Kirsh / ; Chris Caldarone / ; Elizabeth Radojewski / ; Svetlana Khaikin / ; Susan McIntyre / ; Nancy Slater / ; Caren S Goldberg / ; Richard G Ohye / ; Cheryl Nowak / ; Nancy S Ghanayem / ; James S Tweddell / ; Kathleen A Mussatto / ; Michele A Frommelt / ; Peter C Frommelt / ; Lisa Young-Borkowski / ; Alan Lewis / ; Vaughn Starnes / ; Nancy Pike / ; Jeffrey P Jacobs / ; James A Quintessenza / ; Paul J Chai / ; David S Cooper / ; J Blaine John / ; James C Huhta / ; Tina Merola / ; Tracey Griffith / ; William Mahle / ; Kirk Kanter / ; Joel Bond / ; Jeryl Huckaby / ; Christian Pizarro / ; Carol Prospero / ; Julie Simons / ; Gina Baffa / ; Wolfgang A Radtke / ; Ilana Zeltzer / ; Tia Tortoriello / ; Deborah McElroy / ; Deborah Town / ; John Rhodes / ; J Curt Fudge / ; Peter Frommelt / ; Gerald Marx / ; Catherine Stolle / ; Michael Artman / ; Erle Austin / ; Timothy Feltes / ; Julie Johnson / ; Thomas Klitzner / ; Jeffrey Krischer / ; G Paul Matherne / ; John Kugler / ; Rae-Ellen Kavey / ; David J Driscoll / ; Mark Galantowicz / ; Sally A Hunsberger / ; Thomas J Knight / ; Holly Taylor / ; Catherine L Web /
Comments/Corrections

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