Document Detail

Cause of degenerative disease of the trileaflet aortic valve: review of subject and presentation of a new theory.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11996298     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Risk factors for both atherosclerotic aortic wall disease and degenerative disease of the trileaflet aortic valve are very similar if not identical. This correlation grows even stronger as the person advances in years. Because of this, it is the prevailing view that sclerosis of the trileaflet aortic valve, unless previously affected by septic or rheumatic endocarditis, is a disease similar in origin to sclerosis of the aortic wall, ie, degenerative aortic valve disease is arteriosclerosis of the aortic valve. Our studies challenge these views. The aortic valve is a functional assembly composed of the three cusps, corresponding sinuses, and the sino-tubular junction, characterized not only by morphologic features but also by its functional properties, which together create an environment that is optimal for distribution of diastolic pressure load and assures proper and timely valve opening and closure. Our more recent experiments also demonstrate that loss of aortic wall compliance at the level of the sinuses leads to significant stress-overload on the aortic leaflets and it is likely to start a chain of events, which begins with minor changes in their microstructure, then continues in more evident sclerosis, and finally ends in gross distortion or calcification of the cusps. The loss of the "pull-and-release" process may also play a part in disintegration of bioprosthetic valves and in degeneration of native aortic valves encased in noncompliant prostheses.
Francis Robicsek; Mano J Thubrikar; Alexander A Fokin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-08     Completed Date:  2002-05-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1346-54     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina 28203, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology
Aorta / physiology,  physiopathology
Aortic Valve* / physiology,  physiopathology,  surgery
Arteriosclerosis / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Heart Valve Diseases / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Heart Valve Prosthesis
Stress, Mechanical
Comment In:
Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Oct;78(4):1515; author reply 1515   [PMID:  15464546 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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