Document Detail

Causal estimation of neural and overall baroreflex sensitivity in relation to carotid artery stiffness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24168896     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Continuous electrocardiogram, blood pressure and carotid artery ultrasound video were analyzed from 15 diabetics and 28 healthy controls. By using these measurements artery elasticity, overall baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) assessed between RR and systolic blood pressure variation, and neural BRS assessed between RR and artery diameter variation were estimated. In addition, BRS was estimated using traditional and causal methods which enable separation of feedforward and feedback variation. The aim of this study was to analyze overall and neural BRS in relation to artery stiffness and to validate the causal BRS estimation method in assessing these two types of BRS within the study population. The most significant difference between the healthy and diabetic groups (p < 0.0007) was found for the overall BRS estimated using the causal method. The difference between the groups was also significant for neural BRS (p < 0.0018). However neural BRS was normal in some old diabetics, which indicates normal functioning of autonomic nervous system (ANS), even though the elasticity in arteries of these subjects was reduced. The noncausal method overestimated neural BRS in low BRS values when compared to causal BRS. In conclusion, neural BRS estimated using the causal method is proposed as the best marker of ANS functioning.
Jukka A Lipponen; Mika P Tarvainen; Tomi Laitinen; Pasi A Karjalainen; Joonas Vanninen; Timo Koponen; Tiina M Laitinen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-10-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiological measurement     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1361-6579     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol Meas     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9306921     Medline TA:  Physiol Meas     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1633-1644     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
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