Document Detail

Caudal anesthesia in pediatric cardiac surgery: does it affect outcome?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16326297     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of caudal anesthesia on outcomes (pediatric intensive care unit [PICU] length of stay, hospital length of stay, ventilatory time, early extubation rate) in pediatric patients undergoing congenital heart disease repair requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Pediatric patients undergoing surgery to treat congenital heart disease between 1999 and 2002. INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Thirty-four patients with atrial septal defect (ASD), 37 with ventricular septal defect, and 46 with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) were included in the analysis. No differences were found in preoperative and intraoperative data between caudal and noncaudal group for each disorder. There was no difference between caudal and noncaudal groups in PICU and hospital stay. A statistically significant difference was found in the postoperative ventilatory time in patients with ASD and TOF between caudal and noncaudal groups. The early extubation rate was higher in the TOF caudal group compared with the noncaudal group. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study demonstrated that postinduction placement of caudal anesthesia does not affect PICU or hospital length of stay. A well-controlled prospective study is needed to confirm these findings.
Galina Leyvi; David G Taylor; Elizabeth Reith; Arabela Stock; Gregory Crooke; John D Wasnick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1053-0770     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-05     Completed Date:  2006-03-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  734-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anesthesiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10467, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analgesics, Opioid / therapeutic use
Anesthesia, Caudal*
Cardiac Surgical Procedures*
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Child, Preschool
Heart Defects, Congenital / surgery
Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / surgery
Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / surgery
Length of Stay
Morphine / therapeutic use
Pain, Postoperative / drug therapy,  epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Tetralogy of Fallot / surgery
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics, Opioid; 57-27-2/Morphine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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