Document Detail

Catheter closure of coronary artery fistulas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12053388     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Coronary artery fistulas are rare and vary widely in their morphological appearance and presentation. This paper presents experience of catheter closure of coronary artery fistulas in 40 patients. Catheter closure was performed with a variety of techniques, including detachable balloons, stainless steel coils, controlled-release coils, controlled-release patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) coils, and Amplatzer PDA plug. The vast majority of the fistulas were occluded with coils and in particular, controlled-release coils. Successful occlusion of the fistula was achieved in 39 (97%) of 40 patients. In one patient, the detachable balloon deflated prematurely and the patient underwent elective surgery. One 4-month-old infant died approximately 6 hours after the procedure. Immediate occlusion of the coronary artery fistula occurred in 33 (82%) of patients and late occlusion in 4 patients. Thus overall, total occlusion was achieved in 37 (97%) of 39 patients. The main complication was embolization of the occlusion device, which occurred in 6 (17%) of cases. In one of these cases, a detachable balloon deflated prematurely, and in five patients, coils embolized and were retrieved. In one of the patients, all six coils embolized 24 hours after the procedure but were retrieved, and further coils were implanted successfully. Controlled-release coils have made an important contribution to the technique of catheter closure of coronary artery fistulas. Catheter closure of these fistulas is an acceptable alternative to the standard surgical treatment.
S A Qureshi; M Tynan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of interventional cardiology     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0896-4327     ISO Abbreviation:  J Interv Cardiol     Publication Date:  2001 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-10     Completed Date:  2002-06-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8907826     Medline TA:  J Interv Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  299-307     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Congenital Heart Disease, Guy's Hospital, St. Thomas Street, London SE1 9RT, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Balloon Dilatation / adverse effects
Coronary Disease / mortality,  therapy*
Embolization, Therapeutic / adverse effects,  instrumentation
Equipment Failure
Fistula / therapy*
Heart Catheterization*

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