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β-Catenin Promotes the Differentiation of Epidermal Langerhans Dendritic Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23303458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The epithelial signaling protein and transcriptional regulator β-catenin has recently been implicated in hematopoietic dendritic cell (DC) differentiation as well as in DC-mediated tolerance. We here observed that epidermal Langerhans cells (LCs) but not interstitial/dermal DCs express detectable β-catenin. LCs are unique among the DC family members in that LC networks critically depend on epithelial adhesion molecules as well as on the cytokine transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). However, despite the important functions of LCs in the immune system, the molecular mechanisms governing LC differentiation and maintenance remain poorly defined. We found that TGF-β1 induces β-catenin in progenitor cells undergoing LC differentiation and that β-catenin promotes LC differentiation. Vitamin D, another epidermal signal, enhanced TGF-β1-mediated β-catenin induction and promoted the expression of multiple epithelial genes by LCs. Moreover, full-length vitamin D receptor (VDR) promoted, whereas a truncated VDR diminished, the positive effects of ectopic β-catenin on LC differentiation. Therefore, we here identified β-catenin as a positive regulator of LC differentiation in response to TGF-β1 and identified a functional interaction between β-catenin and VDR in these cells.Journal of Investigative Dermatology advance online publication, 10 January 2013; doi:10.1038/jid.2012.481.
Authors:
Nighat Yasmin; Sabine Konradi; Gregor Eisenwort; Yvonne M Schichl; Maria Seyerl; Thomas Bauer; Johannes Stöckl; Herbert Strobl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of investigative dermatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1523-1747     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Invest. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0426720     Medline TA:  J Invest Dermatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute of Immunology, Center of Pathophysiology, Infectiology, and Immunology, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
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