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Catalytic removal of acetaldehyde in saliva by a Gluconobacter strain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22608555     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Acetaldehyde (AA) accumulates in the oral cavity after alcohol intake and is responsible for an increased risk of alcohol-related upper aerodigestive tract (UDAT) cancer among aldehyde dehydrogenase 2-inactive heterozygotes in particular. Thus, the removal of AA from the saliva to a level below its mutagenic concentration (50 μM) after drinking is a potentially straightforward method for reducing the risk of alcohol-related UDAT cancer. Although microbial cells with AA-decomposing activity could potentially serve as a useful agent for the catalytic removal of AA from the saliva without the supplemental addition of cofactors, these cells generally exhibit strong AA-producing activity from ethanol, which is present in excess (50mM) over AA (100μM) in the saliva after drinking. In this study, we observed that Gluconobacter kondonii (GK) cells efficiently decomposed salivary AA (100-390μM) without the supplemental addition of cofactors irrespective of the type of alcoholic beverages consumed, even in the presence of an excess of ethanol (63mM). Hydrogen peroxide, which is carcinogenic in animal experiments, was not produced because of the AA removal. The GK cells incubated at 45°C and pH 3.5 for 15h were killed, but they retained 80% of their original AA-decomposing activity. The treated cells were used as nonviable microcapsules that harbor a membrane-bound AA-decomposing activity.
Authors:
Haruhiko Yamaguchi; Miho Hosoya; Takefumi Shimoyama; Seiji Takahashi; Jian Feng Zhang; Eri Tsutsumi; Yukio Suzuki; Yoshihide Suwa; Toru Nakayama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of bioscience and bioengineering     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-4421     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888800     Medline TA:  J Biosci Bioeng     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Biomolecular Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-11 Aza Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan.
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