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Catalyst recycling via specific non-covalent adsorption on modified silicas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23292126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This article describes a new strategy for the recycling of a homogeneous hydroformylation catalyst, by selective adsorption of the catalyst to tailor-made supports after a batchwise reaction. The separation of the catalyst from the product mixture is based on selective non-covalent supramolecular interactions between a ligand and the support. Changing the solvent releases the active catalyst back into the reactor and allows a subsequent batch reaction with the recycled active catalyst. For this purpose, the bidentate NixantPhos ligand has been equipped with a pyridine group. The corresponding rhodium pre-catalyst [Rh(Nix-py)(acac)] (acac = acetylacetonate) forms a very selective, active and highly stable catalyst, and able to reach a turnover number (TON) of 170 000 in a single run (reaction performed in nearly neat 1-octene, S/C ratio of 200 000, at 140 °C, 20 bars syngas pressure). Various commercially available supports have been explored in binding studies and recycling experiments. The end-capped silica-alumina performs the best so far with respect to ligand-adsorbing properties for the current purpose. Although this system has not been fully optimized, four recycling runs could be performed successfully.
Authors:
Alexander M Kluwer; Chretien Simons; Quinten Knijnenburg; Jarl Ivar van der Vlugt; Bas de Bruin; Joost N H Reek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-9234     ISO Abbreviation:  Dalton Trans     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101176026     Medline TA:  Dalton Trans     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
InCatT B.V. Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands. joost.reek@incatt.nl sander.kluwer@incatt.nl.
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