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Cassava: an appraisal of its phytochemistry and its biotechnological prospects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20943239     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present state of knowledge of the phytochemistry of small molecules isolated from the roots and leaves of cassava, Manihot esculenta Crantz (Euphorbiaceae), is reviewed. Cassava roots are an important source of dietary and industrial carbohydrates, mainly eaten as a source of starch, forming the staple food to over 500 million; additionally, the roots have value as a raw material for industrial starch production and for animal feed giving the crop high economic value, but it suffers markedly from post-harvest physiological deterioration (PPD). The hydroxycoumarins scopoletin and its glucoside scopolin as well as trace quantities of esculetin and its glucoside esculin are identified from cassava roots during PPD. The biotechnological prospects for cassava are also reviewed including a critical appraisal of transgenic approaches for crop improvement, together with its use for bioethanol production, due to cassava's efficient ability to fix carbon dioxide into carbohydrate.
Authors:
Ian S Blagbrough; Soad A L Bayoumi; Michael G Rowan; John R Beeching
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytochemistry     Volume:  71     ISSN:  1873-3700     ISO Abbreviation:  Phytochemistry     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151434     Medline TA:  Phytochemistry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1940-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK. prsisb@bath.ac.uk
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