Document Detail

Caspase-8 isoform 6 promotes death effector filament formation independent of microtubules.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22160860     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Caspase-8 can trigger cell death following prodomain-mediated recruitment to the 'death-inducing signaling complex.' The prodomain consists of two death effector domain (DED) motifs that undergo homotypic interactions within the cell. Aside from mediating recruitment of procaspase-8, the prodomains have also been implicated in regulating cell survival, proliferation, death, senescence, differentiation, and substrate attachment. Here, we perform the initial characterization of a novel isoform of caspase-8, designated caspase-8 isoform 6 (Casp-8.6), which encodes both prodomain DEDs followed by a unique C-terminal tail. Casp-8.6 is detected in cells of the hematopoietic compartment as well as several other tissues. When Casp-8.6 expression is reconstituted in caspase-8-deficient cells, Casp-8.6 does not significantly impact cellular proliferation, contrasting with our previous results using a domain-defined 'DED-only' construct that lacks the C-terminal tail. Like the DED-only construct, Casp-8.6 also robustly forms 'death effector' filaments, but in contrast to the DED construct, it does not exhibit a dependence upon intact microtubules to scaffold filament formation. Both types of death effector filaments promote apoptosis when expressed in the presence of full length caspase-8 (isoform 1). Together, the results implicate Casp-8.6 as a new physiological modulator of apoptosis.
Robert T Yuan; Shanique Young; Jesse Liang; Michael C Schmid; Ainhoa Mielgo; Dwayne G Stupack
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-675X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712129     Medline TA:  Apoptosis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Moores UCSD Cancer Center, 3855, Health Sciences Drive, La Jolla, CA, 92039-0803, USA.
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