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Caspase-1 transcripts in failing human heart after mechanical unloading.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25200478     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Caspase (Casp)-1 has been indicated as a molecular target capable of preventing the progression of cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure (HF), due to its central role in promoting inflammation and cardiomyocyte loss. The aim of this study was to assess whether Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) implantation modifies the inflammatory and apoptotic profile in the heart through the modulation of Casp-1 expression level.
METHODS: Cardiac tissue was collected from end-stage HF patients before LVAD implant (pre-LVAD group, n=22) and at LVAD removal (post-LVAD, n=6), and from stable HF patients on medical therapy without prior circulatory support (HTx, n=7) at heart transplantation, as control. The cardiac expression of Casp-1, of its inhibitors caspase recruitment domain (CARD) only protein (COP) and CARD family, member 18 (ICEBERG), was evaluated by real-time PCR in the three groups of patients.
RESULTS: Casp-1 was increased in the pre-LVAD group compared to HTx (p=0.006), while on the contrary the ICEBERG level was significantly decreased in pre-LVAD with respect to HTx patients (p<0.001); no difference in COP expression level was found.
CONCLUSIONS: This study describes a specific pattern of the Casp-1 system associated with inflammation and apoptosis markers in patients who require LVAD insertion. The inflammation could be the key process regulating, in a negative loop, Casp-1 signaling and its down-stream effects, apoptosis included.
Authors:
Tommaso Prescimone; Andrea D'Amico; Chiara Caselli; Manuela Cabiati; Federica Viglione; Raffaele Caruso; Alessandro Verde; Silvia Del Ry; Maria Giovanna Trivella; Daniela Giannessi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular pathology : the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1336     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212060     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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