Document Detail

A case of person-to-person transmission of Q fever from an active duty serviceman to his spouse.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20020811     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Coxiella burnetii has recently gained military relevance given its potential as a bioterrorism agent, and the multiple cases reported among U.S. military personnel deployed to the Middle East. Sexual transmission of Q fever is rare but has been reported in the literature. We describe the possible sexual transmission of Q fever from a returning serviceman from Iraq to his wife. In a recent editorial commentary, Dr. Raoult wrote about the reemergence of Q fever after September 11, 2001 (Raoult 2009). Indeed, C. burnetii has gained military relevance given its potential as a bioterrorism agent and the multiple cases reported among military personnel deployed in Southwest/Central Asia and North Africa (Botros et al. 1995 , Meskini et al. 1995 , Leung-Shea and Danaher 2006 ). Human serosurveys in these geographic areas have reported prevalence rates for Q fever ranging from 10% to 37% in contrast to the United States, which has an estimated Q fever seroprevalence of 3.1% (Botros et al. 1995, Meskini et al. 1995, Anderson et al. 2009). There is no data available for Q fever seroprevalence in Iraq. As a consequence, native populations in these regions may be more likely to possess immunity, and newcomers, such as U.S. military personnel, would be vulnerable to acute infection (Derrick 1973). We report on the possible sexual transmission of C. burnetii from a serviceman in the late recovery of acute Q fever to his wife.
Marisa H Miceli; Andrea Kay Veryser; Alicia D Anderson; Diedre Hofinger; Samuel A Lee; Corey Tancik
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.)     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1557-7759     ISO Abbreviation:  Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis.     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-22     Completed Date:  2010-10-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100965525     Medline TA:  Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  539-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Infectious Diseases, University of New Mexico Health Science Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Cervix Mucus / microbiology
Coxiella burnetii / genetics,  isolation & purification
DNA, Bacterial / isolation & purification
Doxycycline / therapeutic use
Iraq / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Military Personnel*
Q Fever / drug therapy,  transmission*
Semen / microbiology
United States / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/DNA, Bacterial; 564-25-0/Doxycycline

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