Document Detail

Carotid artery stenting: technical considerations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11039358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is one of the most frequently performed operations in the United States. To offer patients a less invasive means to achieve the same goal, carotid artery stenting (CAS) is investigated as an alternative treatment to CEA. METHODS: Three hundred ninety patients underwent CAS, with 451 vessels treated. CAS was performed using a coaxial system with a 7F 90-cm sheath for predilation, stent placement, and stent dilation. Pretreatment antiplatelet therapy was administered. We currently practice same-day admissions and 23-hour discharges. RESULTS: The technical success rate was 98%. The 30-day mortality/morbidity rates were as follows: death, 1.7% (two [0.5%] neurologic and five [1.2%] systemic] major strokes, 0.9% (two of four were related to the intervention); minor strokes, 5.5%. Among 25 patients who suffered minor strokes, 14 achieved complete recovery. On an annual basis, the incidence of minor stroke declined from 6.8% (1994-1995), to 5.8% (1995-1996), 5.3% (1996-1997), and then 4% (1997-1998), with no major strokes or neurologic deaths occurring during the 1997 to 1998 period. CONCLUSION: CAS is an effective treatment for carotid stenosis. With proper selection of patients and meticulous technique, complication rates compare favorably with those of CEA.
J J Vitek; G S Roubin; N Al-Mubarek; G New; S S Iyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0195-6108     ISO Abbreviation:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2000 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-22     Completed Date:  2001-02-01     Revised Date:  2008-02-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1736-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
New York Heart and Vascular Institute at Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Carotid Arteries* / radiography
Carotid Stenosis / radiography,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Radiography, Interventional
Stents* / adverse effects

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