Document Detail

Carotid artery pseudoaneurysm resulting from an injury to the neck by a fouled baseball.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17368675     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Blunt carotid artery injury resulting in either dissection or pseudoaneurysm is a rare entity that can result in significant morbidity and mortality if undiagnosed. Although unavoidable in certain traumatic situations such as motor vehicle collisions, direct neck trauma in sports may be preventable with the use of proper protective equipment. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The following report documents a case of extracranial carotid artery dissection resulting from a foul ball striking the upper, lateral neck of an umpire. The patient had transient right upper extremity monoparesis. He later presented with right hemiparesis and aphasia that resolved over several hours. Imaging studies demonstrated a left carotid pseudoaneurysm with evidence of left hemispheric embolic infarcts. INTERVENTION: Systemic intravenous anticoagulation with heparin followed by oral anticoagulation with warfarin for 6 months, subsequently followed by aspirin monotherapy. CONCLUSION: The use of standard protective equipment did not adequately cover the patient's neck in the region of the cervical carotid artery. This case illustrates that modification in current catcher and umpire equipment could potentially avoid this rare but significant vascular injury.
William J Benedict; Vikram Prabhu; Mari Viola; Josè Biller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article     Date:  2007-03-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the neurological sciences     Volume:  256     ISSN:  0022-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-17     Completed Date:  2007-07-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375403     Medline TA:  J Neurol Sci     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  94-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurological Surgery, Loyola University Chicago, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL 60153, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Athletic Injuries / complications*
Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula / etiology*,  pathology
Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods
Neck Injuries / complications*,  etiology*

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