Document Detail


Carotid artery intima-media thickness and angiotensin-converting enzyme gene polymorphism in the offspring of parents with premature stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15858957     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To determine some common cardiovascular risk factors, alterations in the measurements of intima-media thickness (IMT) and the distribution of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphism in children of parents with premature stroke, and to investigate the cardiovascular risk of these children and the potential need for some preventive measures. METHODS: A family history of cardiovascular disease represents a cardiovascular risk factor in the offspring. This association has not yet been clearly determined for cerebrovascular accidents. New technology allows us to investigate the risk for cardiovascular disease at an early presymptomatic stage. We applied the measurement of IMT of carotid arteries by ultrasound imaging and the determination of the ACE insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in blood to evaluate the predisposition for cerebrovascular disease in the offspring of patients with previous stroke. We investigated 58 subjects whose parents had experienced a cerebrovascular accident before the age of 45 y and compared them with a matched control group whose parents had not suffered a stroke. RESULTS: The results of IMT at various sites of the carotid arteries and the genotype distribution of the ACE gene were not significantly different between the study group and the control group. In addition, no differences were found in the serum levels of lipid fractions or other biochemical variables. CONCLUSION: We conclude that determination of the carotid IMT and of the ACE I/D polymorphism do not permit discrimination of the cardiovascular risk in children of parents with or without premature stroke.
Authors:
N Marcun Varda; B Peterlin; S Umek Bradac; A Gregoric
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-29     Completed Date:  2005-06-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics, Maribor Teaching Hospital, Maribor, Slovenia. aleksander.varda@amis.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age of Onset
Carotid Artery, Common / ultrasonography*
Case-Control Studies
Child
Female
Gene Frequency
Genotype
Humans
Male
Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / genetics*
Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics*
Risk Factors
Stroke / genetics*
Tunica Intima / ultrasonography*
Tunica Media / ultrasonography*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
EC 3.4.15.1/Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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