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Carotid Artery Revascularisation Following Neck Irradiation: Immediate and Long-Term Results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22001147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Carotid artery stenosis is a complication of neck irradiation. We describe the immediate and long-term results of surgical treatment. METHODS: This was a retrospective single centre study. From 1996 to 2009, 24 consecutive patients who had in the past received neck radiation therapy (mean 12 years, 1-41 years) underwent 27 primary carotid artery revascularisation procedures. Six patients (23%) had previous radical neck dissection, three permanent tracheostomies and one cervicoplasty with pectoral muscle flap. Indications for surgery included symptomatic (five transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs), four strokes; 34%) and asymptomatic (18 patients, 66%) stenosis. Four patients had occlusion of the contralateral carotid. General anaesthesia without shunting was used with measurement of stump pressure. Carotid interposition bypass grafting included 23 vein grafts and three Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts. RESULTS: No perioperative deaths or central neurological events occurred. Three patients suffered transient cranial nerve injuries. Eleven patients died during follow-up, mean interval of 28 months (range 6-120 months), of causes unrelated to surgery. Five patients had recurrent bypass stenosis with one TIA and one stroke. All other surviving patients remained asymptomatic. CONCLUSION: Despite no comparative study as evidence, we think that the perioperative risk of stroke is at least comparable with the risk encountered for angioplasty procedures.
J L Magne; A Pirvu; C Sessa; E Cochet; H Blaise; C Ducos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2165     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Departement of Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, Grenoble University Hospital, Grenoble, France.
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