Document Detail

Carotenoids in marine invertebrates living along the Kuroshio current coast.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21892355     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Carotenoids of the corals Acropora japonica, A. secale, and A. hyacinthus, the tridacnid clam Tridacna squamosa, the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci, and the small sea snail Drupella fragum were investigated. The corals and the tridacnid clam are filter feeders and are associated with symbiotic zooxanthellae. Peridinin and pyrrhoxanthin, which originated from symbiotic zooxanthellae, were found to be major carotenoids in corals and the tridacnid clam. The crown-of-thorns starfish and the sea snail D. fragum are carnivorous and mainly feed on corals. Peridinin-3-acyl esters were major carotenoids in the sea snail D. fragum. On the other hand, ketocarotenoids such as 7,8-didehydroastaxanthin and astaxanthin were major carotenoids in the crown-of-thorns starfish. Carotenoids found in these marine animals closely reflected not only their metabolism but also their food chains.
Takashi Maoka; Naoshige Akimoto; Miyuki Tsushima; Sadao Komemushi; Takuma Mezaki; Fumihito Iwase; Yoshimitsu Takahashi; Naomi Sameshima; Miho Mori; Yoshikazu Sakagami
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-08-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Marine drugs     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1660-3397     ISO Abbreviation:  Mar Drugs     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-05     Completed Date:  2012-03-01     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101213729     Medline TA:  Mar Drugs     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1419-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Research Institute for Production Development, 15 Shimogamo-morimoto-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-0805, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Anthozoa / chemistry
Aquatic Organisms / chemistry*
Bivalvia / chemistry
Carotenoids / chemistry*,  isolation & purification,  metabolism,  pharmacology
Food Chain
Invertebrates / chemistry*,  metabolism
Starfish / chemistry
Xanthophylls / chemistry
Reg. No./Substance:
0/7,8-didehydroastaxanthin; 0/Xanthophylls; 36-88-4/Carotenoids; 8XPW32PR7I/astaxanthine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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