Document Detail

Carotenoid-rich bananas: a potential food source for alleviating vitamin A deficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14870618     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This review article points out that bananas are an important food for many people in the world. Thus, banana cultivars rich in provitamin A carotenoids may offer a potential food source for alleviating vitamin A deficiency, particularly in developing countries. Many factors are associated with the presently known food sources of vitamin A that limit their effectiveness in improving vitamin A status. Acceptable carotenoid-rich banana cultivars have been identified in Micronesia, and some carotenoid-rich bananas have been identified elsewhere. Bananas are an ideal food for young children and families for many regions of the world, because of their sweetness, texture, portion size, familiarity, availability, convenience, versatility, and cost. Foods containing high levels of carotenoids have been shown to protect against chronic disease, including certain cancers, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Because the coloration of the edible flesh of the banana appears to be a good indicator of likely carotenoid content, it may be possible to develop a simple method for selecting carotenoid-rich banana cultivars in the community. Research is needed on the identification of carotenoid-rich cultivars, targeting those areas of the world where bananas are a major staple food; investigating factors affecting production, consumption, and acceptability; and determining the impact that carotenoid-rich bananas may have on improving vitamin A status. Based on these results, interventions should be undertaken for initiating or increasing homestead and commercial production.
Lois Englberger; Ian Darnton-Hill; Terry Coyne; Maureen H Fitzgerald; Geoffrey C Marks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and nutrition bulletin     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0379-5721     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Nutr Bull     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-11     Completed Date:  2004-07-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906418     Medline TA:  Food Nutr Bull     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  303-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Nutrition Program, Division of International Health, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed
Antioxidants / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Biological Availability
Carotenoids / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Diet* / standards
Health Food
Musa / chemistry*
Plants, Edible / chemistry,  genetics
Plants, Genetically Modified
Public Health
Vitamin A / administration & dosage*
Vitamin A Deficiency / diet therapy*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 11103-57-4/Vitamin A; 36-88-4/Carotenoids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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